Kumarappa Institute Of Gram Swaraj
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KIGS has evolved its own system of evaluation of the programmes started in the rural areas. In this way we enable ourselves to improve and act on reliable information.

This is due to the developing trend in which Institutes for higher education are financed to some degree by the private sector. As such, it is not surprising that many research departments are working, consciously or unconsciously, on an agenda that at least correlates nicely with that of those same private interests. It has always been this institute's aim to free rural research from any possibility of contamination through contact with parties with vested interests. This is why we undertake our own research programmes, which exist with the sole aim of establishing what the prevailing issues in these areas are, why they have come about, and what can be done to alleviate problems. This means we tend to find that sustainable solutions are the most appropriate, whereas institutionalized surveys may tend to recommend more advanced, 'high-tech' solutions.

Our studies have been directly or indirectly associated with evaluating development programmes, women development at grassroots level, health, education and clinical services, integrated development of selected groups in rural areas, and extension, publicizing and training villagers in rural techniques. There follows an exhaustive list of the research work undertaken by the institute since its inception in 1967.

1. Fourth General Election: Reactions of rural people (1967) [Sri Jawahir lal Jain]
This study presents a factual picture of election process, propaganda and related dimensions of political activities and its reactions on the rural voters.

2. Loktantra and Satyagrah (1967)
A symposium on the concept and mechanism of Satyagrah was organised in 1967 under the guidance of famous Gandhian thinker Shri Shanker Rao Dev. This Institute published the views of Shri Shankar Rao Dev.

3. Kumarappa: Life, Personality and Views (1967)
With the financial aid of Gandhi Sevak Sangh, a book was published by the institute, containing the details about the life, personality and views of famous Gandhian Economist Prof. J. C. Kumarappa. This book, written by Shri Jawahir lal Jain, has been published by Sarva Seva Sangh, Varanasi.

4. Hathal: Gramdani village (1968) [Dr. Awadh Prasad]
Study of the functioning of Gram Sabha in terms of the process of decision making, and social relations, as it worked in Hathal, a Gramdani village of Sirohi district, under the presidentship of Gokulbhai Bhatt. It was sponsored by Adarsh Gram Nirman Trust, Sirohi.

5. Sharab-Khori v/s Sharab-bandi (1968) [Dr. Awadh Prasad]
This study was conducted to analyse the impact of drinking habits amongst the lower sections of the society. A comparative study of families of drinkers and non-drinkers in relation to their style of life was undertaken. It was sponsored and financed by Akhil Bhartiya Nasha-Bandi Parishad, Delhi.

6. Khati-ki- dhani (1969) [Dr. Awadh Prasad]
Study of commercial aspects of economic activities in relation to the process of exploitation. It was sponsored by Khadi Gramodyog Samiti, Sikar.  

7. Impact of Basic Education on Rural Life (1970) [Dr. Awadh Prasad]
The Gandhian concept of basic education was introduced in several villages of Madhya Pradesh on an experimental basis. In this study, its impact and dimensions have been analysed. This project was sponsored by Madhya Pradesh Sevak Sangh, Indore.

8. Gram Kosh in Bihar (1972) [Dr. Awadh Prasad]
Study of the functioning of the Gram Kosh (village fund) in Bihar Gramdan Villages was taken up in 1972. It was sponsored and financed by Gandhi Shanti Pratishthan, New Delhi.  

9. Impact of Sharab-Bandi in Rajasthan (1972) [Dr. Awadh Prasad]
It was a study conducted in Rajasthan with a view to evaluate the dynamic changes and effects of Sharab-bandi on 150 families. It was sponsored by Akhil Bhartiya Nasha -Bandi Parishad, Delhi.


10. Impact of Liquor Shop (1973) [Dr. Awadh Prasad]
The study reveals the socio-economic and cultural changes in locality on account of the liquor shops. It was sponsored and financed by Kendriya Gandhi Smarak Nidhi, New Delhi. 

11. Socio-Economic Impact of Khadi (1973) [Dr. Awadh Prasad]
The socio-economic impact of Khadi in different village groups has been studied. It was sponsored by Rajasthan Khadi Sangh, Khadi Bagh and Rajasthan Khadi Vikas Mandal, Govindgarh.

12. Socio-Economic Impact of Woolen Khadi (1973) [Dr. Awadh Prasad]
In this study the impact of woolen khadi was studied in the context of socio-economic conditions of the people involved in the processing of woolen khadi. It was sponsored by Uni Khadi Sansthan, Bikaner.

13. Social Impact of Liquor Dealers (1974) [Dr. Awadh Prasad]
This study is based on the impact the liquor dealers have made upon the surrounding society, form of working, impact and influences after the prohibition act in Rajasthan. It was also sponsored by Akhil Bhartiya Nasha Bandi Parishad, Delhi.

14. Lok Adalat: Organisation and Process (1974) [Dr. Awadh Prasad]
In Rangpur area of Baroda district, a social institution known as " Lok Adalat" has been established. The aim of the Lok Adalat is to solve the conflicts and quarrels along with establishment of non exploitative and non-violent social system. The purpose of solving the rural conflicts through Lok Adalat is also to save the people from heavy expenditure of litigation and its other problems. This study was sponsored and financed by Indian Council of Social Science Research, New Delhi.

15. Local Economic Sources (1974) [Dr. Awadh Prasad]
The main objectives of the study were to thrash out the problems of capital raising process at the local level in relation to economic development. The set up and problems, where these experiments are being carried out, have been covered in the study. It was sponsored and financed by Gandhi Shanti Pratisthan, New Delhi.

16. Development in Tablai village (1977) [Dr. Awadh Prasad]
Different dimensions of education and development in Tablai, a village in Madhya Pradesh have been studied in this project, sponsored and financed by Madhya Pradesh Sevak Sangh, Indore.


17. Socio-Economic Impact of Delhi Milk Scheme in North-West Rajasthan (1977) [Dr. Awadh Prasad]
In recent years, different Dairy Development Schemes were introduced in northern and western parts of Rajasthan. The socio-economic impacts of these plans were studied by the Agro-Economic Research Centre, Ballabh Vidyanager in 1965. Our study has been a second step of this study. It has been sponsored and financed by Indian Council of Social Science Research, New Delhi .

18. Directory of Voluntary Agencies (1978) [Dr. Awadh Prasad]
A directory of voluntary agencies was prepared to avail relevant knowledge about the number, type and functioning of the voluntary agencies working at the national and regional level. It was sponsored and financed by AVARD, New Delhi.

19. Rural Marketing (1979) [Dr. Awadh Prasad]
With the aim of setting up Rural Marketing Centres near the working places of rural artisans, the Inter Agency Co-ordination Committee had decided to conduct pilot surveys in ten blocks. This pilot survey project was sponsored by the Ministry of Industry through National Productivity Council, New Delhi.

20. Rural Exploitation: Problems and Solutions (1981) [Prof. B. C. Mehta & Dr. Awadh Prasad]
The aim of this study was to discuss dimensions of socio-economic exploitation in rural area. Sponsored and financed by Indian Council of Social Science Research, New Delhi.

21. Bio-gas in Rajasthan (1982) [Dr. Awadh Prasad]
A case study of about hundred Gobar Gas plants in four districts of Rajasthan was intensively made and future plans for the extension and consolidation of Gobar Gas Plants in whole of Rajasthan was suggested. This study was undertaken in collaboration with the Department of Industrial Development, Government of India.

22. Pre-School Education in Udaipur District (1982) [Dr. Awadh Prasad]
This is the study of pre-school education in Udaipur district of Rajasthan and intensive studies of about hundred institutions. This was a UNICEF sponsored project.

23. Regional Plan of Bandikui block in Jaipur District (1983) [Dr. Awadh Prasad & others]
Special Schemes Organisation, Government of Rajasthan sponsored this project for overall area planning of Bandikui block of Jaipur district. It also includes a Micro-level plan of ten selected villages of the area.

24. Chambal Command Area Development: Socio-Economic Impact (1983) [Dr. Awadh Prasad]
The impact of this irrigational plan on the socio-economic life of the families residing in the villages of the Chambal command area has been studied in this project. The villages of Kota and Bundi districts have been covered under this study. This project has been taken up with the assistance of ICSSR.

25. Social Inputs in Area Development (1984) [Dr. Awadh Prasad]
This relates to social inputs in area development in respect of Kotra area in Udaipur district of Rajasthan. Sponsored by Govt. of Rajasthan with financial collaboration of UNICEF.

26. Social and Economic Impact of Traditional Crafts (1985) [Dr. Awadh Prasad]
A survey of stone carving and brass ware craft in Jaipur city has been undertaken in this project and its various aspects have been studied.

27. Study of Eighth Lok Sabha Elections (1985)
Political analysis of election results was undertaken in this project and various implications have been studied in view of the election reforms to be implemented.

28. Traditional and Formal Co-operatives (1985) [Dr. Awadh Prasad]
The aim of the study was to discuss the present situation in respect of traditional co-operative societies working in the rural areas. The study has been sponsored and financed by the Indian Council of Social Science Research, New Delhi.

29. Animal Husbandry in Western Rajasthan (1985) [Dr. Awadh Prasad]
This study was undertaken with the financial assistance from the ICSSR. It was an attempt to assess the impact of developmental activities relating to Animal husbandry on the economic and social life of the live-stock breeders in the western Rajasthan. It contains survey reports of eight villages in four districts of Rajasthan, viz. Barmer, Jaisalmer, Bikaner and Pali.

30. Khadi - A Techno Social Study (1987) [Dr. Awadh Prasad]
This study relates to the development of technology in the Khadi industry in the context of the ideology behind Khadi and related village industries. This study has also been undertaken with financial assistance from ICSSR.

31. Study of Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP) in Jaipur District (1989) [Shri B. S. Bhandari]
Two studies to evaluate the impact of IRDP on the rural families below poverty line were undertaken with the financial assistance from the Government of Rajasthan. The first study was completed in 1984 and second in 1989.

32. Shramans and Shamanism - India and Abroad (1990) [Jawahir lal Jain]
The Institute has undertaken the project - Shramans and Shamanism: India and abroad, which has been financed by ICSSR. Shramans and shaman culture that preceded Vedic religion and culture in India later developed as Jainism and Buddhism after the sixth century B. C. It spread in the Middle East and central Asia on one side and also in Tibet, China, Mongolia and Japan on the other, as well as in Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam in the east. Shamanism developed all along the arctic area from barring strait to Greenland and then spread in North and South America, Soviet Russia. Shamanistic practices have been traced in Middle East and Eastern Europe, Africa and Australia. With such vast canvas of time and space only a preliminary and introductory study could be attempted based on secondary sources in 1989. Further studies are needed in this direction. The short summary of this study has been published by All India Jain Vidvat Parishad. This study has been published in two parts.


33. Rajgarh Area Development - Base Line Survey (1990) [Dr. Awadh Prasad]
Bhoruka Charitable Trust has undertaken various development projects in Rajgarh Tehsil of Churu District in Rajasthan. The trust proposed to take up the work of integrated development of the area on the basis of the plan prepared at the grass-root level. Hence the base-line survey of some selected villages of the area was assigned to the institute. The Institute has completed the Base-Line survey of 10 villages of the area in 1989-90.

34. Famine in Rajasthan: Historical perspective and situation analysis (1990) [Dr. Awadh Prasad]
Famine is a permanent feature in Rajasthan. However, the gap and duration of famine have been changing on account of the environmental and climatic changes in various regions. The main reason for the repeated droughts in the state has been the deforestation on a wide scale. While this project aims at projecting the historical background of the famine, its purpose is also to find out the causes due to which the state had to face the repeated droughts during this century. The institute has undertaken a sample survey of three villages. This preliminary study is based on the impact of famine on the socio-economic life, migration, cattle-breeding, education, agricultural pattern, its effects on ecology and forest area of the village.

35. Gramdan in Rajasthan (1991) [Dr. Awadh Prasad]
With the financial assistance of Rajasthan Gramdan Board, a survey related to the developmental aspects of selected Gramdani villages was conducted in various districts of Rajasthan.

36. Study Of Land Management and Land Ownership in Selected Religious Institutions in Rajasthan (1992) [Dr. Awadh Prasad and others]
Religious Institutions and Trusts in Rajasthan possess considerable land holdings, donated to them by the then state governments and estate holders to meet their expenses. Rajput rulers of State and Jagirdars also gave land holdings to these institutions as per their religious feelings. Even today, these institutions possess some of these land holdings. Under this project, various aspects of land management, use, legal status, problems of ownership have been studied. Detailed sample survey has also been undertaken of some of the religious institutions. This project has been sanctioned by and undertaken with the financial assistance of Department of Rural Development, Government of India.

37. Socio-Economic and Political Survey of Two Villages (1994) [Dr. Awadh Prasad]
About 25-30 years back, the Agro-economic Research Centre, Vallabh Vidyanagar (Gujarat) had undertaken the socio-economic survey of some villages of Rajasthan. Kumarappa Institute has undertaken the study of the changes and problems which have come up in these villages after the above survey during the last twenty five years in two villages of Rajasthan which were included in the previous study. The impact of planned development programmes, as well as the new problems and future plans of the villages have also been studied. This study has been taken in hand with the financial assistance from ICSSR.

38. Watershed Management: Baseline Socio-Economic Survey (1995) [Dr. Awadh Prasad]
In view of the scarce water resources, it is imperative that a study of local water resources and its maximum use for agriculture should be taken in hand. Since the quantity of ground water available for agriculture is far less than its requirement, the maximum conservation of every drop of rain water, collection of water in tanks, and to minimize the taking out the underground water, should be encouraged. Along with the programmes of agriculture, horticulture, animal husbandry, conservation of energy, best use of available water, integrated plan for over all development of the area should be made with this purpose a project of base line socio-economic survey of some villages of Srimadhopur Tehsil of Sikar District was undertaken by the Institute, and on the basis of this survey an action plan of the area was prepared later on, and on its basis the integrated development of this area will be taken up. The villages- Burhanpura, Hardas-Ka-Bas, Mandupura, Kanat-Ki-Dhani etc., has been included in this survey.

This study has been undertaken under the Indo-German Bilateral Project (IGBP). We have received full co-operation during this survey from Forest Department, Government of Rajasthan. The study was completed in 1995 and later on some of the development programmes have also been implemented by the institute under Indo-German-Bilateral Project in the selected villages of the Hardas-ka-Bas area, referred above.

39. Gandhian Views on Present Problems (1997) [Shri Siddharaj Dhadda]
Gandhiji's views on the present national and international problems have been highlighted in this study. 16 subjects in all have been covered in it which are (1) Gram Swaraj (2) Swadeshi (3) Centralisation". Decentralisation (4) Agriculture and animal husbandry (5) Importance of labour in human life. (6) Economic exploitation (7) State power and people's power (8) Politics and Sarvodaya (9) Constructive programme. (10) Nuclear Power and World Peace (11) Astray Bhasha (12) Sharab-Bandi (13) Sarva Dharma Sambhava (14) Communal harmony (15) Caste System (16) Brahmcharya.

About 40-60 pages have been covered for each subject and in all about 900 pages have been covered in the whole project. We propose to print separate book for each subject. Shri Siddharaj Dhadda is the Director & editor of the project. It has been financed by ICSSR.

40. Social Assessment for District Poverty Initiative Project (DPIP) (1997)
Govt. Of India and Govt. of Rajasthan propose to take up a special programme of poverty eradication, and for its basic planning a social assessment of seven districts in the state is proposed to be taken up. Dausa district has been assigned to KIGS. People's participation has been stressed through out the project and the programmes are advised to be based on local natural inputs. These programmes are to be implemented by local institutions. It is also envisaged that the resources for these projects are arranged by local contribution through "Gram Kosh".

In view of the above, the basic study of the problems has been necessitated. The study has been conducted under the guidance of the Institute of Development Studies, with the co-operation of Planning Department and District Administration, Dausa.

The first phase of the study has been completed, covering the causes of poverty, available inputs, possibilities of development, the process of study. The report of the first phase has been submitted and the survey has been taken up in second phase. After the survey, a workshop is proposed at district level. Efforts will be made to solicit the co-operation of the various institutions and people's representatives for preparing the development plan. The above study has been undertaken in Dausa district and two blocks -Dausa & Lalsot- have been selected for survey. The financial resources for this work have been received from The World Bank through Govt. of India & Govt. of Rajasthan.

41. Concurrent Evaluation of IAY & MWS in 11 Districts of Rajasthan (Dausa, Jhalawar, Tonk, Baran, Ajmer, Banswara, Bhilwara, Bundi, Chhittorgarh, Kota, Karauli) (1998)
Concurrent evaluation of IAY and MWS has been taken up in 11 districts of Rajasthan where these programmes are implemented to study their impact on beneficiaries. This project was sponsored by Ministry of Rural Areas and Employment, Government of India.

42. Baseline Survey Of Six Villages in Chaksu Area (1998) [Dr. Awadh Prasad]
A baseline survey was carried out to prepare a plan to eradicate hunger from the selected six villages in Chaksu area through optimum use of available natural resources. It was suggested that development of agriculture and animal husbandry should be taken up at household level. Awareness among women should be created and they should be organised to form Self Help Group or Mahila Mandals for their upliftment. The project is sponsored by The Hunger Project, Mumbai.

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